Maps created with UConn MAGIC

Watch a short video on the interactive features of our digital maps, and learn more below about how they were created with MAGIC, the University of Connecticut Libraries Map and Geographic Information Center.

Explore any of these digital geography tools by clicking on an image to open the map in a new page. Use the comment box to share feedback, suggest revisions, or mention related links.

racial change map

Racial Change in the Hartford Region, 1910-2010

home value index map

Home Value Index in the Hartford Region, 1910-2010*

restrictive covenants

Race Restrictive Covenants in Property Deeds, Hartford area, 1940s

redlining map

Federal Home Owners' Loan Corporation 'Redlining' Map, Hartford area, 1937

Neighborhood change map

Neighborhood Change in Connecticut, 1934 to present

school district boundary map

School District Boundary Comparison Viewer

To learn more about the sources and technology for our interactive maps, read these “Outside the Neatline” blog posts by MAGIC, and view the open-access source code behind each web page:

23 Responses to Maps created with UConn MAGIC

  1. Ashley Ardinger says:

    The Race Restrictive Covenants in Property Deeds map is an extremely enlightening piece of information. The fact that the West Hartford area seems to be the only place on the map with restrictive language in property deeds is interesting due to the fact that this area is still predominantly white and much more developed than neighborhoods such as Frog Hollow. All five of the locations are developments and the dates go from 1940-1941. Although these are dates that are far back in history, the fact that the language still exists in these deeds within the developments is shocking. Do the residents of these homes know of the race restrictive language in their deeds? How many people of color reside in these developments?

  2. Mary Morr says:

    Racial Change in the Hartford Region, 1900-2010
    Watching the racial composition of Hartford change over a span of 100 years, I noticed that the concentration of the non-white population began in and spread from the North End. I am curious as to why the change occurred in that way. I know from the reading that the increase in minority populations in the North was tied to growing demand for workers in factories, so I am wondering if the North End of Hartford was more industrial than southern parts of the city. If that is not the explanation for the pattern, I would also be interested in comparing the housing policies in Windsor and Bloomfield to those of West Hartford. I know from the maps that West Hartford had restrictive covenants, which explains why the percentage of white population decreases more slowly along Prospect Avenue. This leads me to guess that Bloomfield and Windsor did not have as many restrictive covenants or other housing policies that purposely sought to push minority populations away from the city boundary. It also appears that there must have been some prejudicial housing policies within the city of Hartford itself, because up until the 1970s and 1980s the minority populations remained concentrated in the northern part of the city. This makes me curious about what occurred during those years that led to minority expansion, whether it was related to effects of the Civil Rights Movement, a major influx of minority residents, or something else entirely.

  3. Ashley Ardinger says:

    While fiddling with the time slider on the Home Value Index map, I was interested to fine that there seemed to be no particular pattern as to how the values increased or decreased over time. For example, I was shocked when I saw that in the early 20th century, homes in Hartford were far more valued than those of surrounding towns such as Bloomfield and Avon. When I moved the date later to the mid-late 1900’s, Hartford seemed to stay valued for about 20 years, then decrease in value, with a small increase, and then a steady decrease in value towards present day. A town like Avon, on the other hand, steadily increased in home values as we moved closer to present day. I expected that to be the case with Hartford, but in the opposite manner. What are the efforts currently being made to increase Hartford’s home values once again to bring them back to the status they had in the early 1900’s?

  4. Carlos A. Velazquez says:

    Racial Change in the Hartford Region, 1900-2010:

    There were several things which stood out to me from this map. In 2010, the white population in Hartford was no more than 40% in central areas around the city (Such as Parkville, and Clay Arsenal). There is a drastic increase in the white population, as we veer over to the west side of the city. On the Hartford/West Hartford town-line (Prospect ave.) the White population is above 60 % in some cases reaching 98% as can be seen in the area around Elizabeth Park and Fern street.

    In 1970, the majority of people of color lived in the North End of Hartford (north of Homestead ave.) Currently, there is still a large population of African Americans and People of West Indian Descent living in the north end, and more people of Hispanic and/or Latin American (non-white) descent living on the south end of Hartford. I found it particularly interesting that between 1970 and 1990, more and more “non-white” people began to move into central parts of the city, extending way out of the north end, and the white population was pushed out to either the far west of the city (West Hartford) or the far east of the city (East Hartford).

    School District Boundary Comparison Viewer:

    In the next map I reviewed, I focused on comparing the Hartford School district (schools only in Hartford) to the Bridgeport School District (schools in Bridgeport and New Haven.) The Hartford school district covers about 19 sq. Mi and includes 36 schools (elementary-high school). The Bridgeport School district in total covers about 20 sq. mi and also includes 36 schools. The Bridgeport school district has on average 19, 853 students enrolled. The Hartford Public School district is comprised of about 20, 161 students. According to SchoolDigger.com, The Hartford School district ranks 157th of 165 districts in Connecticut. Bridgeport ranks 161st. Hartford is ranked 25th in elementary schools, 2nd in middle schools and 8th in High Schools. Bridgeport is ranked 26th in Elementary schools and 3rd in high schools (no information provided on Middle schools.)

    One important issue I hope to have addressed in this course is the correlation between poverty level and school achievement. In Bridgeport, 18.4% of people are living below the poverty line. In Hartford, 30.6% of people are living below the poverty line, yet Hartford’s school system seems to be doing better than Bridgeport’s school system.

  5. Mary Morr says:

    Home Value Index in Hartford Region, 1910-2010
    I find it very interesting that, in 1910, Hartford had one of the highest home value indexes in the area, and yet it very quickly became the area with the lowest home value index. Even if affluent white citizens began moving out to the suburbs, it does not seem like this alone could explain such a significant drop in home values. This is especially true considering that the reading in “American Apartheid” mentioned that rapid growth in confined minority neighborhoods led to prices actually increasing due to the upward pressure of high demand. This seems to be proof that deliberate discriminatory practices were occurring with the intention of subordinating minority populations. After looking at the Federal HOLC “Redlining” Map, I see that there were racial policies in place within the city that could have inhibited the ability of home values to follow natural patterns. Even after civil rights legislation would have led to the dismantling of these policies, it appears that their effects are long-lived. I wonder how this sort of information could inform housing policies, and whether these past discriminatory practices need to be directly addressed before home values in Hartford can begin to recover.

  6. Fionnuala Darby-Hudgens says:

    Racial Change in Hartford 1900 to 2010

    I, like Carlos, noticed the drastic and rather quick racial change in Hartford from 1950 when the city was predominately white to 1980 when the geographic markers indicate less than 40% of the city was white. 1980 t0 1990 seems to be the most recent decade to indicate a true “white flight” epidemic. In 1980 there is an easy line to see where the north end of the city has a very small white population but that is not true for points south. Proof of white flight is by 1990 only one census tract, 5023, has a majority white population.

    I also found it interesting that generally the racial demographic does not change over a century unless it is right “on the line” of Hartford and West Hartford.

  7. Fionnuala Darby-Hudgens says:

    School District Boundary

    This is unreal! What shocked me the most was the difference in both enrollment and geographic size of rural school districts. I actually clicked on Springfield, MA because that is where I grew up. I compared it to Fairfax County, VA. The simple fact that Fairfax enrolls 171 thousand students to Springfields 25 thousand is shocking. It would seem that if school districts are large, than the same education would be received by more students, thus leveling the playing field. Also, because the maps are so tight around the urban areas it almost appears as if these districts are excluded on purpose.

  8. Pornpat Pootinath says:

    Racial Change in the Hartford Region, 1910-2010

    The map illustrates change in the racial makeup of Hartford over the past century. In the early Twentieth Century, Hartford County’s population was largely white. By the late Twentieth Century, Hartford County’s non-white population increased and residents of Hartford was predominantly non-white. From this map, I conclude that Whites and Non-whites live in separate neighborhoods. As a result, this created Hartford to be a hyper-segregated neighborhood.

    From 1980 onward, the Census Bureau collects a detailed racial data, which includes categories of White, Black, Hispanic, Asian, and other as opposed to the early Twentieth Century, which accounted only for White and Non-white. How has the housing segregation policies created to keep out African Americans? What are the steps we can take to create an integrated neighborhood?

    Home Value Index in Hartford Region, 1910-2010

    From 1910 to 2010, Hartford home value decreased from 6.00 to 0.21. In 1960 and 2000, Hartford had the lowest home value compared to its surrounding neighborhoods. Overall, places where majority of African American resided received low home value and places where majority of Whites resided received high home value. Some of the reasons I can think of is African American households may have lower incomes and saving and are disadvantaged by the lack of financial education resources. How can we improve homeownership opportunities for minorities? I would like to study the trend of class and race along with housing segregation and redlining. After 1970, houses surrounding Hartford continued to receive low home value. There was no data on home value for Burlington, Bristol, Southington, and Plainville after 1980.

  9. While looking at the Home Value Index Map, I was shocked to see how drastically the home values in the Hartford county had changed from being a county with the most expensive average single family home value in 1910 to having the lowest values into 2000. I was reminded of the activity we did in class where we were looking to buy homes in the suburbs. For a low income family, it would be extremely difficult to move to the suburbs if they were looking to be in an area with “better” schools. It would actually be more costly to live in the suburbs now compared to 1910.

  10. Booker Evans says:

    It seems as if racial change in Hartford began in the Northern section of the city. This map shows that the entire Hartford Region was predominately white up until around the 1950s when small seemingly segregated sections in the northern portion of the city began popping up. Around the same time the Value of homes in Hartford decreased tremendously. The value of homes has a direct correlation with race of the people living in them. I can predict that what I am seeing on these maps is due to both the racial redlining of homes in the real estate market and the suburban housing boom of the mid 1900s. I am able to confirm this prediction by looking at the Race Restrictive Covenants in Property Deeds map.

    There were many race restrictions in West Hartford. I find it interesting because my family and I live in West Hartford, a region that was once surrounded by race restrictive covenants. Looking at these maps makes me appreciate my neighborhood because of the high property values and great school districts but it also makes me resent my neighborhood because I know that there is a history of segregation and unfairness.

  11. Hannah Malenfant says:

    I found the neighborhood change map to be incredibly interesting when you looked at the downtown area of Hartford, mainly because it went from the small buildings of a small town city to huge buildings along with parking structures. I find this the most interesting because initially it was seen as a fantastic thing, that all these insurance businesses were moving in, but then they all left, leaving these huge empty buildings. Buildings that now host numerous companies instead of giant employer ones.

  12. Hannah Malenfant says:

    Home Value Index: Phew.
    If there was a map to explain the disparities this is one to do it. Hartford was the last county to have a 3.00-6.00 value, and that was in 1920. Since then it’s done a complete 180, to the only county that is at .21-.60 value. In comparison West Hartford has been the most stable, although decreasing over time. It’s very interesting to see that at the last point recorded, in 2000, Avon was the only one with a 1.49-3.00 rating, the highest for the area, when 90 years ago 10 different counties had at least that rating if not more. The housing crisis has been intense, you can see it when you drive around but this map creates a clear picture of what is really happening.

  13. Shanese Caton says:

    Race Restrictive Covenants in Property Deeds, Hartford area, 1940s

    This map has helped me to better understand why there is such a large divide between the races when it comes to residence in West Hartford versus Metropolitan Hartford and other areas in Hartford as a whole. Yes the regulations put in place have been reversed, if not destroyed but they set a precedent for what neighborhoods minorities would reside for decades to come thus creating a long lasting segregation between whites and minorities. Since some individuals tend to stay in neighborhoods and cities that they have grown up in, some minorities will remain in cities that they have been living in their whole lives because that is all they know.

  14. I found this map particularly interesting because of the race restrictions in the West Hartford areas. Although these race restrictions were placed back in the early 1940s and outlawed just several years later, the restrictions have played a significant part in the outcome of the racial composition of West Hartford residents today. Today, more than 90% of the West Hartford residents are Caucasian and I believe this to be a result of the those restrictions in the 1940s. The race restrictions relayed the message to minority groups that they are not welcome in West Hartford. Although these restrictions have been outlawed, the housing industry still has a way of discriminating on the basis of class and income of those applying to buy a house or rent an apartment. Since race can no longer be a factor in denying a person the right to live in West Hartford, now you can be denied on the basis of income which is another barrier that has resulted in the segregation of Caucasians from Latinos and African Americans in the Hartford and West Hartford area.

  15. Nathan Walsh says:

    Using the Racial Change map, it is fascinating to see how quickly the racial characteristics of Hartford have changed since the 1970s. There is a stark difference between West Hartford and Hartford. It is interesting to compare this map with the middle and high school districting map for West Hartford (http://www.whps.org/maps/WestHartfordCT_HighMiddleSchoolDistricts.pdf). Not only are the Hartford schools strongly segregated from the suburbs but also the West Harford schools (although to a much lesser degree than Hartford). The majority of minority and lower-income students in West Hartford are placed into the same high school. Without the Racial Change map, I would not have been prompted to look into the zoning within West Hartford.

  16. Bobby Moore says:

    I found the map about racial change in the Hartford region to be most interesting. From 1900-present the amount of minorities has increased significantly. As you get closer to the center of the Hartford area the number of minorities is much higher. There is a major disparity between Hartford and all the surrounding areas in comparison with whites and non whites. It is very interesting to see the changes over time especially with how different the surrounding areas. The home value index also coincides with the racial disparity. As you get closer to the center of Hartford the home value index varies inversely as the number of minorities increase. These two maps tell us the most about the Hartford area than all the others.

  17. Nathan Walsh says:

    School District Boundary Comparison Viewer reveals some interesting trends in school districting. Within the Northeast, most school districts are synonymous with town lines. The Hartford and West Hartford school systems, although just minutes apart, are entirely separate. However, looking at the districting patterns in other parts of the country, I noticed a considerable difference. For example: the Miami-Dade area in Florida is served by one school district, the Dade County School district, and includes nearly 350,000 students over more than 2,000 square miles. This type of large county wide or unified school district is common outside of New England. This would have significant impacts on school segregation. Hartford cannot desegregate its school within the current districting patterns. If, however, all of Hartford County (consequently including the wealthier suburbs) was run under the same school district, Hartford would be able reasonably offer more racially mixed schools.

  18. Courtney Chaloff says:

    Racial Change in the Hartford Region, 1900 – 2010

    This is a very interesting map depicting the racial changes in Hartford. One thing that stood out to me was that the first signs of racial change seemed to occur in the North of Hartford first in North Meadows in 1960 and Upper Albany in 1970. By 1980, the majority of North Hartford has seen racial change. Then, into the late 1990s and 2000s, we see a change to all of Hartford. I am curious to learn more about why the racial change in Hartford started more in the North end and then later moved south.

    Home Value Index in Hartford Region, 1910 – 2010

    It is truly astonishing to watch Hartford go from having one of the highest values in 1910 to one of the lowest in 2010. It is also really interesting to pay attention to the suburbs and their patterns of change. Avon, for example, gets gradually darker and then towards 1980 stays at pretty much the same average home value. Windsor, on the other hand does not go from one extreme to the other, but rather stays around the 1.00 – 1. 49 mark until 1990 when it drops to .6 -1.00. Many of the suburbs seem to have unique patterns of change (or no change). Some gradually increase or decrease but some are not as consistent and hop around a bit more. South Windsor, for example, does not seem to stay at the same color for more than 2 decades at a time. I realize this is a very big question but I hope to learn more about the factors that contribute to these patterns of change. Why do some areas see more change in home value patterns, be it negative or positive, than others?

  19. Louise Balsmeyer says:

    It is interesting to slide through the time line of the racial change in the Hartford area because the difference is enormous. Between 1900-1940 the entire location was dominantly white and this racial population percentage decreases when 1950 comes around. Aside from the housing prejudices and restrictions, it is clear that the Civil Rights Movement may have had a profound influence on the nature of which certain residents were permitted to reside in the Hartford area. Not until 1990 does the minority population begin to expand it’s territories outside of the city of Hartford itself. Why is it that any racial change begins in an urban environment?

  20. Louise Balsmeyer says:

    The map that examines the Neighborhood Change in Connecticut from 1934 to present day is fascinating because the progress shown in a matter of 70-80 years is phenomenal. In 1934 the Hartford area was quite expansive and fertile, whereas present day it is difficult to find an area unpopulated. There is one park that remains reasonably the same size, however buildings such as the Comcast Theater and parking lots have overtaken areas that could\’ve been put to better use such as more parks or playgrounds for the Hartford youth. So I wonder whether the reason for this is just that the population that has increased in size therefore rendering more homes and facilities, or perhaps the attention of the officials who dominate Hartford have not placed their importance on the health of the area they control.

  21. Candace Baker says:

    Racial Change in Hartford Region 1900-2010

    Most areas in the Hartford area ranged from a total of 75-100 %. The city of Hartford alone was predominantly white. Beginning at 1930 the percentage of whites in Hartford started decreasing; and by 2010 almost half of Hartford had a population of 0-2%. I noticed that the increase of black population came from the north of Hartford, which is still mostly black. I also noticed that the center of the Hartford area has the highest percentage of black population. I think it is because that area is urban,

    Home Value Index in Hartford Region 1910-2010

    My main focus with this map was on the city of Hartford in comparison with the outer cities, specifically Avon. In 1910 Hartford and most of the inner cities had a high home value. As the years progressed however, the home value of Hartford decreased. The opposite could be said for Avon. I found it interesting that Avon, which is now one of the wealthier cities in the area, used to have one of the lowest home value index. I think this also has something to do with the racial change in Hartford. If you compare both maps you can see that as more blacks moved into Hartford, the home value decreased around the same time.

  22. Hollyn Cote says:

    The Racial Change in the Hartford Region, 1900-2010 Map was of particular interest to me. I appreciated the interactive component, allowing me to feel as if I was witnessing these changes before my very eyes for the first time. Though gradual, the white population concentrated in Hartford experienced a significant decline beginning in the 1960’s and largely settling in throughout the 2000’s. This observation caused me to speculate why the racial composition of the Hartford population underwent such dramatic changes within only a few decades. Why was the white population steadily and almost entirely evacuating and where were these citizens relocating? What made Hartford attractive to members of the non-white population? How were economic times unfolding and evolving and what role did race play? What is the racial makeup and distribution currently like in Hartford? Is there a push or societal goal for racial diversity in the city and if not, why? Questions such as these plagued me time and time again when reviewing this map and caused me to think critically about the racial composition of the city in which I attended school and how my perceptions, based largely off of experience, may be different than cold hard data presented on a map to an outsider.

  23. Mary Daly says:

    The home value map was the most interesting to me. In the Hartford city area, the values of homes plummeted from 3.00-6.00 in 1920, the highest ranking, to the lowest in the most recent documented date, 2000. Although Hartford’s city area has seen such a drastic change, West Hartford, located just west of the city, has experienced very little change in their property values in comparison. Another interesting thing to note when looking at the map is Avon. Opposite to Hartford, it’s home values skyrocketed from the second lowest level, to the highest level in all of Hartford metropolitan area in 2000. This map shows how the city of Hartford declined rapidly over the 20th century and the suburbs of the metropolitan area generally prospered. Overall, this extreme change in property values throughout Hartford’s metropolitan area led me to understand how drastic the changes were in the area over less than a century.

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