Chapter 11 Bibliography

Below is a temporary automated bibliography of the book-in-progress. The final bibliography will be divided into sections for easier reading.

“100 New Homes to Be Built on High Ledge Tract: E. F. Hammel, New York Builder, Buys Tract from the R. G. Bent Co.” The Hartford Courant, March 1940, B1.

“A Suggestive Contrast.” Hartford Daily Courant, October 1878, 2.

“Ad: Modern Homes in High Ledge.” The Hartford Courant, March 1940, B3.

Administration, Federal Housing. Underwriting Manual: Underwriting and Valuation Procedure Under Title II of the National Housing Act. Washington, D.C.: US Government Printing Office, 1938.

———. Underwriting Manual: Underwriting and Valuation Procedure Under Title II of the National Housing Act. Washington, D.C.: US Government Printing Office, 1936.

“An Art Museum.” Hartford Daily Courant, April 1871, 2.

Association, Oral History. “Principles and Best Practices.”, 2009.

Bailey, Chauncey. “Non-Resident Students Again Attending Bloomfield Schools.” Hartford Courant, September 1976, 45.

Bass, Paul. “Case on Residency and Schools Halted.” New York Times, June 1985, CN14.

“Bernstein Seeks End of Restrictive Clauses.” The Hartford Courant, March 1947, 21.

Bernstein, Simon. “Oral History Interview on Connecticut Civil Rights.”, August 2011.

Bixby, Lyn, Vada Crosby, Brant Houston, Jeffrey Williams, and Larry Williams. “Some Real Estate Agents Discriminate Against Black Home Buyers: Two Connecticuts Series.” Hartford Courant, May 1989, A1+.

Bloomfield. Town of Bloomfield Annual Report. Bloomfield, Conn.: Bloomfield Town Clerk, 1888.

Brooks, Richard R. W., and Carol M. Rose. Saving the Neighborhood: Racially Restrictive Covenants, Law, and Social Norms. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2013.

Campbell, Katie, and Jack Dougherty. “How We Found Restrictive Covenants.”, 2011.

Center, Connecticut Fair Housing. “A Guide to Zoning for Fair and Open Communities.” Hartford CT, June 2013.

———. Analysis of Impediments to Fair Housing Choice 2015. Hartford: Connecticut Department of Housing, 2015.

Center, Connecticut Fair Housing, and Cities Suburbs and Schools Project at Trinity College. “Connecticut Zoning Initiative.”, 2013.

Cities, Suburbs, and Schools Project, Trinity College Digital Repository., n.d.

Clark, Charles H. “The Charter Oak City.” Scribner’s Monthly 13, no. 1 (November 1876): 1–21.

Coates, Ta-Nehisi. “The Case for Reparations.” The Atlantic., June 2014.

Condon, Tom. “‘Troubled City’ a Victim of Geography.” Hartford Courant, September 2002, B1.

Connecticut State Department of Education. “School and Grade Enrollment by Race, 1977-1984,” n.d.

———. The Distribution of Negroes in the Public Schools of Connecticut, 1967-68. Hartford, 1967.

Corporation, Home Owners’ Loan. “Residential Security Map and Area Descriptions, Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, Connecticut.”, 1937.

———. “Residential Security ’Redlining’ Map, East Hartford CT.”, 1937.

———. “Residential Security ’Redlining’ Map, West Hartford-Hartford, CT.”, 1937.

Council, Connecticut Public Expenditure. Local Public School Expenses and State Aid in Connecticut. Hartford: CPEC, n.d.

“Couple Ask Tuition-Free Schooling for Girl but Residency Is Disputed.” Hartford Courant, February 1959, 6.

Courtney, Steve. “Commentary: Was Hartford ’the Richest City in the United States’?” Hartford Courant, October 2014.

DC, Prologue. “Mapping Segregation in Washington DC.”, 2015.

Dougherty et al., Jack. “Whose Civil Rights Stories on the Web? Authorship, Ownership, Access and Content in Digital History.” Conference Session. Milwaukee, WI:, April 2012.

Dougherty, Jack. “Bridging the Gap Between Urban, Suburban, and Educational History.” In Rethinking the History of American Education, edited by William Reese and John Rury, 245–59. New York: Palgrave MacMillan Press, 2007.

———. “More Than One Struggle Oral History Project Records.” University of Wisconsin Milwaukee Libraries.;view=reslist;subview=standard;didno=uw-mil-uwmmss0217, 2004.

———. More Than One Struggle: The Evolution of Black School Reform in Milwaukee. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.

———. “Review of ’Connecticut’s Public Schools: A History, 1650-2000’ by Christopher Collier.” Connecticut History 50, no. 1 (2011): 120–22.

Dougherty, Jack, and Kristen Nawrotzki, eds. Writing History in the Digital Age. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2013.

Dougherty, Jack, and Candace Simpson. “Who Owns Oral History? A Creative Commons Solution.” In Oral History in the Digital Age, edited by Doug Boyd, Steve Cohen, Brad Rakerd, and Dean Rehberger. Washington, DC: Institute of Library and Museum Services, 2012.

Dougherty, Jack, Jeffrey Harrelson, Laura Maloney, Drew Murphy, Russell Smith, Michael Snow, and Diane Zannoni. “School Choice in Suburbia: Test Scores, Race, and Housing Markets.” American Journal of Education 115, no. 4 (August 2009): 523–48.

Dougherty, Jack, Jesse Wanzer, and Christina Ramsay. “Missing the Goal: A Visual Guide to Sheff V. O’Neill School Desegregation: June 2007.” Hartford, Connecticut; Storrs, Connecticut: The Cities, Suburbs and Schools research project at Trinity College and the University of Connecticut Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2007.

Drury, Dave. “2 City Parents Are Charged in Residence Case.” Hartford Courant, April 1985, AA1.

———. “Bloomfield Alters Its Policy for School Residence Cases.” Hartford Courant, August 1985.

———. “Bloomfield Cracking down on Non-Residents in Schools.” Hartford Courant, March 1985, A1.

———. “’Line Jumping’ Is Issue Statewide, Officials Say.” Hartford Courant, April 1985, B1.

“Editorial: In Defense of Hartford.” Hartford Courant, August 2002, A10.

Elsen, Jon. “Bloomfield Officials Laud School Officer’s Work.” The Hartford Courant (1923-1991), April 1986, B2.

Englehart, Bob. “Editorial Cartoon: Bloomfield High School.” Hartford Courant, April 1985, C8.

Everett, Mary. “Oral History Interview on West Hartford.”, July 2011.

First Church of Christ (Hartford, Conn.). “Address of Edward Everett Hale.” In Commemorative Exercises of the First Church of Christ in Hartford, at Its Two Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary, October 11 and 12, 1883. Press of the Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company, 1883.

Freund, David. Colored Property: State Policy and White Racial Politics in the Modern American Suburb. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.

“Girl Graduates: Closing Exercises of Mt. St. Joseph Seminary Cluster of Historical Essays on Hartford.” Hartford Courant, June 1903, 5.

Gonda, Jeffrey D. Unjust Deeds: The Restrictive Covenant Cases and the Making of the Civil Rights Movement. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2015.

Green, Rick. “Not in His Town: If You Don’t Live in Bloomfield, William Mahoney’s Job Is to Make Sure You Don’t Go to School There.” Hartford Courant, February 1992, H1+.

Gregory, James. “Segregated Seattle.” Seattle Civil Rights & Labor History Project., 2010.

Hansen, Susan. “Oral History Interview on West Hartford.”, July 2011.

“Hartford as the ‘Richest City’: A Great Financial Center.” Hartford Courant, October 1908, C1.

“Hartford Holds Lead as Wealthiest City: Over 21,000 Local People Pay Federal Income Tax –Stamford Second and New Haven Third 10 Per Cent. in State Assessed.” Hartford Courant, November 1921, 1.

Hillier, Amy. “Redlining and the Home Owners’ Loan Corporation.” Journal of Urban History 29, no. 4 (2003): 394–420.

———. “Searching for Red Lines: Spatial Analysis of Lending Patterns in Philadelphia, 1940-1960.” Pennsylvania History 72, no. 1 (2005): 25–47.

Hirsch, Arnold R. Making the Second Ghetto: Race and Housing in Chicago, 1940-1960. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

Hirsh, Linda B. “Schools to Use New Policies to Exclude Out-of-Town Residents.” Hartford Courant, July 1992, B5.

Ilyankou, Ilya, and Jack Dougherty. “Map: Federal HOLC ‘Redlining’ in Hartford Area, CT, 1937.” On the Line., 2017.

———. “Map: Home Value Index in Hartford County CT from 1910-2010.” On the Line., 2017.

———. “Map: Restrictive Covenants in Hartford Area, 1940s.” On the Line., 2017.

———. “Map: Town Borders in Hartford County, CT from 1600s to Present.” On the Line., 2017.

Inc., High Ledge Homes. “Agreement Concerning Building Restrictions: High Ledge Homes Development.”, June 1940.

Institute, Suburban Action. A Study of Zoning in Connecticut: A Preliminary Report Prepared Under Contract with the Connecticut Commission on Human Rights & Opportunities. New York: The Institute, 1978.

Jackson, Kenneth T. Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.

Johnson, Dirk. “Quality of City Schools Tested in Trial on Residency: Equity of Schools Tested in Arrests.” New York Times, May 1985, CN1.

Jones, Jane Latus. “Schools Will Accept Tuition Non-Residents.” The Bloomfield Journal, August 1985, 1.

“Kicks on Schools in Wethersfield: Dissatisfaction Expressed at Parents’ Meeting: City Gets Sons of Board Members.” Hartford Courant, April 1917, 11.

Lamb, David. “Once-Gilded City Buffing Itself Up.” Los Angeles Times, June 2003.

“March on Milwaukee.” University of Wisconsin Milwaukee Libraries., n.d.

McGann, Shaun. “The Effects of ‘Redlining’ on the Hartford Metropolitan Region.”, March 2014.

Mendoza, William, and Anita Ford Saunders. “Jumping the Line.” The Public File. Hartford, CT:; WVIT Channel 30 television broadcast, August 1985.

Merriam, Alexander R. “The Social Conditions of the Smaller City.” The Hartford Courant, July 1903, 13.

———. The Social Significance of the Smaller City. Hartford, Conn.: Hartford Seminary Press, 1903.

Nelson, Robert K., LaDale Winling, Richard Marciano, and Nathan Connolly. “Mapping Inequality: Redlining in New Deal America.” American Panorama, Digital Scholarship Lab, University of Richmond., 2016.

Neuenschwander, John. Oral History and the Law, Revised Edition. Oral History Association Pamphlet Series No. 1. Albuquerque: Oral History Association, 1993.

Neuenschwander, John A. A Guide to Oral History and the Law. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Nunes, Joseph F. “Chapter Four: ’Fighting Joe’ and Mark Twain.” Hartford Courant, October 2014.

———. “The Lasting Legacy of Charles Hopkins Clark.” Hartford Courant, October 2014.

Osborn, Norris Galpin. “Charles Hopkins Clark.” In Men of Mark in Connecticut: Ideals of American Life Told in Biographies and Autobiographies of Eminent Living Americans, 230–34. W.R. Goodspeed, 1906.

“Plans to Apportion Population of Cities: Legislative Committee to Recommend Bill Today Giving Wide Powers for Aesthetic and Welfare Effect in Seven Municipalities.” Hartford Courant, May 1923, 1.

Porter, Wayne. “Non-Resident Students Long a Problem.” Hartford Courant, May 1985, B8.

Reece, Jason, Samir Gambhir, Jillian Olinger, Matthew Martin, and Mark Harris. People, Place, and Opportunity: Mapping Communities of Opportunity in Connecticut: A Report Commissioned by the Connecticut Fair Housing Center. Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity, The Ohio State University, 2009.

Reeves, Troy. “What Do You Think You Own.” In Oral History in the Digital Age, 2012.

“Residency Officer’s Job Is in Full Swing.” The Bloomfield Journal, November 1985, 9.

“Residency Rule Called Good, If Done by Book: Bloomfield.” Hartford Courant, July 1976, 44.

Rothstein, Richard. The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America. New York: Liveright Publishing, 2017.

“Schools Jump Tuition Fees for Out-of-Town Residents.” Hartford Courant, January 1952, 21.

Sheff, Elizabeth Horton. “Oral History Interview on Sheff Vs. O’Neill.”, July 2011.

Simpson, Stan. “Capital Progress: Read All About It.” Hartford Courant, June 2003, B1.

Skinner, Otis. “Save Twain Home, Urges Otis Skinner: Should Be Easy for Richest City Per Capita in This Country.” Hartford Courant, April 1920, 6.

“State Law Sought Against Racial Ban in Realty Deals.” The Hartford Courant, April 1947, 8.

“The Richest City.” The Hartford Courant (1887-1922), October 1903, 10.

Twain, Mark, and Charles Dudley Warner. The Gilded Age: A Tale of to-Day. Hartford: American Publishing Company, 1873.

Tyack, David. The One Best System: A History of American Urban Education. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1974.

United States Commission on Civil Rights. Understanding Fair Housing. Washington DC: Government Printing Office, 1973.

University of Connecticut Libraries Map and Geographic Information Center. “Federal HOLC ‘Redlining’ Map, Hartford Area, 1937.”, 2012.

———. “Race Restrictive Covenants in Property Deeds, Hartford Area, 1940s.”, 2012.

Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art. “History.”, n.d.

Walsh, Debra. “Oral History Interview on West Hartford.”, July 2011.

“Wealth of Hartford Clearly Shown by Bank Statements: Per Capita Wealth, $600, Equalled by No Other City in U. S.–1921 Bank Dis-Counts Total $455,975,029 Insurance in Lead as Chief Industry City Known for Its Manu-Facturing for over 150 Years–Center for Traders and Buyers for Radius of 50 Miles.” Hartford Courant, September 1922, X1.

Whitten, Robert Harvey. West Hartford Zoning: Report to the Zoning Commission on the Zoning of West Hartford. West Hartford, Conn: Zoning Commission, 1924.

Wilson, Tracey. “Taking Stock of High Ledge Homes and Restricted Covenants.” West Hartford Life 13, no. 2 (June 2010): 36–37.

Wilson, Tracey M. “High Ledge Homes and Restrictive Covenants.” In Life in West Hartford. West Hartford Historical Society and Noah Webster House, 2018.

Zielbauer, Paul. “Poverty in a Land of Plenty: Can Hartford Ever Recover?” The New York Times, August 2002.